Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It is crucial to differentiate interviews as a way of collecting interviewing and information as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two other ways are:

  • observation, if the researcher himself is an eyewitness associated with event,
  • working with papers, in which the document means any material provider containing texts and pictures.

Forms of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a technique of information gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the traits of a person, then to mirror them into the text).

The reportage meeting had been discussed into the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting as being a genre, as being a means of text formatting in the shape of questions from a interviewer and also the answers associated with the interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the quantity of concerns for the researcher is minimized (sometimes they are no after all), at the other pole – a discussion, whenever journalist not merely asks questions, but additionally talks much with long arguments.

The truth that the interview is a conversation, indicates in regards to the same amount of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion could be conducted by a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist was additionally interesting to readers, while the viewpoint of this interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Forms of interviews with regards to the subject. Subject interview

According to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic meeting is their state of things in virtually any field of activity. Usually it is a job interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to the journalist exactly as much as he could be linked to this continuing state of affairs. For instance, a police tells how to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor describes simple tips to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast the length of time the crisis will undoubtedly be from the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on problems that deviate through the interview subject, nor the personal life of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling associated with interview that is subject of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s connection with the subject. Then there’s a parsing associated with topic for the purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The topic interview comes to an end using the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical guidelines to visitors.

The hero associated with interview that is subject also be an eyewitness or participant in the event. This might be a given information meeting, among the news genres. The duty of this journalist would be to learn as much as possible the important points and details of what occurred. Like in the situation of an expert, the interlocutor’s communication because of the subject is very first shown, then your subject is deepened, as well as the ending is specialized in general impressions of exactly what took place as well as the conclusions that the interlocutor made.

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